Hello dear reader!
The cirsium is often called sow thistle. But I’ll say right away that the common cirsium (Cirsium vulgare) and the widespread field creeper (also known as field sow thistle, or pink) are not at all the same plant, as many people think.
There are similarities between them. It is not in vain that both cirsium belong to one genus of the family Asteraceae. But there are many differences that are noticeable "by eye".
About the Cirsium arvense can be found here.
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About the common body
This plant is mainly European. It also grows in the Caucasus, in Asia Minor, in the north of Africa. Thanks to man penetrated into Siberia and even the Far East.
Of course, this is a weed. Although I wouldn’t call him particularly “malicious”. In any case, he is not as aggressive as a congener - an arthropod field. Propagated only by seeds. But the seeds form a lot. They are carried by the wind.
It grows in wastelands, abandoned fields, forest edges, in thickets of shrubs. Moreover, in more southern areas it is more common - apparently, the cold does not like. In fields cultivated, in contrast to pink sow thistle (field thistle), you can not see it often.
As befits a complex flower plant, the common calf has an inflorescence basket. These large (about 5 cm) baskets are located singly at the tops of the main and side shoots. In the calf, the inflorescences are much smaller, and very numerous.
Baskets are oval-ovoid, sometimes almost round. Like a certain "hedgehog", the inflorescence bristled with thorns. The wrapper leaves covering the base of the basket are bent and end with a spike.
The basket contains tubular bisexual flowers with a purple or pink nimbus. They attract bees and bumblebees with an abundance of nectar and pollen. An ordinary butyad blooms in June, blooms for a long time - until the fall.
Fruits are rather large (about 5 mm) achenes with tufts of long white hairs. The wind bears fruit. They will germinate soon. This is the only way to reproduce the common body.
In addition to large prickly flower baskets, you can recognize the common thistle by its peculiar stem leaves. These leaves remind me most of all of some “traces of unknown animals”. They are often lanceolate in shape, but are broken by large recesses into blades. At the top of each blade is a thorn. And the sheet is also palm-lobed, with three to five “fingers”.
From below, such a leaf is covered with numerous hairs, because it is gray-felt. The top of the leaf is green, but covered with pressed spines, and is rough to the touch.
And large dissected leaves of the basal rosette at the top of each of its lobes also have thorns. So an ordinary butyx is a prickly plant. Although less prickly than curly thistle. By the way, the “butyak” also has “wings” with thorns. But they do not grow all over the stem from the bottom up, like a thistle, but are found in separate formations with a length of 3-5 centimeters.
These “combs” near the base of the stem leaves (triangular green leaves with thorns) can be seen in the photo. But, unfortunately, they did not work out very well.
The common thistle differs from the thistle curly and the inflorescences-baskets. At a thistle, they do not grow singly, but at 2 - 4. And the size of the baskets is smaller.
The common cirsium is a biennial. In the first year, a basal rosette of strongly dissected leaves with thorns appears. Having wintered, the plant forms a powerful shoot from a rosette bud with a large basal rosette and a branched stem up to a meter high.
According to some observations, this can happen in one season. Most likely, plants that emerge from seeds that matured early in July develop this way.
In the soil of the common butychium, the root root is up to half a meter long, with numerous lateral roots. But, unlike field sow thistle, the lateral roots are not very long. They do not form root offspring. Vegetatively, the common butyx does not breed.
What is the benefit of an ordinary butyx?
Of course, this is a weed if it grows in a garden or vegetable garden. It should not be allowed to appear there. But plants, clearly “harmful” or even “useless”, simply do not exist.
I have already mentioned that the common body grows in wastelands and abandoned fields. But exactly what is abandoned! Simple cultivation and cultivation of the field already makes it not very suitable for the life of this weed.
At a young age, the plant is eaten by domestic animals. But there is no one who has “matured” an articulate with tough spikes, of course.
Flower baskets give valuable honey - "budyakovy". His bees are harvested not only from thistles, but also from the calf. By the way, “buttock” and “budyak” are just different origin of the same word. Budyakovy honey is appreciated for its taste and healing properties.
Common medicine is recognized as a medicinal plant only by folk medicine. But here, after all, how is it established? The plant is poorly studied, because of its healing properties are not recognized. And the plant is not studied more thoroughly because there is no order from pharmacists - accordingly, there is no funding.
According to the long-term (perhaps centuries-old) observations of healers and herbalists, preparations from the roots of the common thistle help with many diseases: for colds, coughs, stomach and liver colic, and headache. Accordingly, we can assume that they have anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial, and analgesic, and antipyretic properties. But I repeat - there is no exact information even about the chemical composition of the plant.
However, it is no coincidence that most plants from the family Asteraceae have valuable healing qualities.
With colds, flu, bronchitis, with pain in the stomach, they drink a decoction of crushed roots of the common body. Outwardly, for the treatment of wounds, abrasions, acne, abscesses and boils, use alcohol tincture of the roots.
Gather roots in the late fall. They are dried, if weather permits, under a canopy. Or in ovens and dryers at a temperature of 40 - 50.
However, treatment should still be with specialists, and not according to recipes from the Internet! For specific recommendations, consult a doctor.
All recipes on this blog are given only for acquaintance with the properties of the described plants.
And they eat an ordinary butyx! Boiled young shoots are used in salads. They are also used for cooking soup. The bottom of unblown flower baskets can also be boiled and eaten. Naturally, after removing the thorns.
What does an ordinary bodybuilder look like and recipes
Description of Cirsium vulgare (Savi): Belongs to the family Astrovidae (Asteraceae), (Asteraceae), is a two-year-old plant up to 120 cm high. The stem is branched, furrowed, prickly.
As can be seen in the photo, the leaves of the common calf are lanceolate, from elongated to linear-lanceolate, densely spiky-bristly on top, cobweb-hairy to whitish-hairy from below, fosso-pinnately divided deeper than the middle:
Flower baskets are spiky, single, large, purple, composed of tubular flowers. The flowers of the common butyx are red, 25-35 mm long, with a very narrow and long tube, twice the extended, almost to the middle incised part. The crest is dirty white, with thin, shiny, almost to the apex long-pinnate hairs. The fruit is a gray achene. It blooms in July-August. Fruits in August.
Look at how the common bodyless one looks in these photos:
Propagation of the plant; Russia is the European part, Western Siberia, the Caucasus. It grows along roads, in meadows, abandoned arable lands, along river valleys, among shrubs, in wastelands, near dwellings. Ruderal (weed) plant. This type of artisan heavily clogs crops, potatoes and other vegetables. In some places, they are forced to carry out agrotechnical measures to combat the spread of the common body.
Not to be confused with prickly thistle (Onopordum acanthium L.), common thistle, thistle, donkey thorn, tatar. He has spherical inflorescences, spider at the beginning of growth, then bare, winged stalk, with thorns.
Used parts of the plant: roots and inflorescences. The chemical composition of the plant has not been studied much.
Presumably in the plant are:
- hyperin (hyperoside, quercetin-3-galactoside), is a protector of the stomach, is active like vitamin P, as well as anti-inflammatory, diuretic, capillary-strengthening, antiviral and hypoazotemic properties,
- kempferol-3-glucoside (astragaline) - choleretic, antispasmodic and expectorant.
Harvest time: inflorescences - July-August, roots - in the fall.
Collection: inflorescences and leaves are collected during flowering. Dry in well-ventilated areas. The thorns from the leaves are removed before drying. The roots are dug in the fall. Dried in dryers at a temperature of 35-40 ° C. Store in paper bags in dry places. Shelf life of raw materials is 2 years.
Application: a decoction of the roots is taken as an antispasmodic, analgesic (with spastic intestinal, renal and hepatic colic) and a diaphoretic.
A decoction of inflorescences in a mixture with other plants is taken for cancer.
As an external anti-inflammatory and bactericidal agent (in the form of a decoction or crushed roots), the artisan is used for furunculosis, tumors, wounds, abscesses.
Powder from dried leaves or freshly shredded leaves is applied to wounds, ulcers, tumors, boils, acne and abrasions.
The beneficial properties of the common butyx are widely used in folk medicine.
- infusion as a restorative and diaphoretic: 12 g of dry chopped inflorescences per 300 ml of boiling water, insist in a warm place for 2 hours, filter. Take 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day before meals.
- decoction: 2 teaspoons of roots per 200 ml of water, boil for 5 minutes, insist 4 hours. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
- fresh root from boils and abscesses: grind the fresh root and crush it in a mortar. Apply in the form of compresses to purulent wounds and boils, as a means of drawing suppuration.
- fresh leaves for hemorrhoids: 2-3 tablespoons of leaves without thorns scald with boiling water, wrap in gauze. Pads to apply for poultices.
Contraindications: long-term use of drugs from the bodybuilder can lead to hypertension.
- The plant should not be prescribed for myopathy, encephalopathy.
- In case of varicose veins and a tendency to thrombosis, they are not prescribed or used for a short time.
- An overdose can cause headache, palpitations, nausea and vomiting.
Recipes for masks with grass of common body in home cosmetology:
- mask for acne and acne: remove thorns from fresh leaves and crush in a porcelain mortar. Apply the resulting puree to places damaged by acne or acne for 10-15 minutes. Wash off with warm water or herbal infusions. This mask can be made from dry leaves, after grinding them into powder and pouring them with water at 80 ° C, until a thick puree is formed, for 15-20 minutes. At a temperature of 37-38 ° C, apply as described above.
- moisturizing mask: 4 tablespoons of freshly chopped young leaves (remove thorns) mixed with 1 tablespoon of low-fat kefir or yogurt. Instead of kefir, you can use low-fat cottage cheese. Apply the mass on the face, the duration of the procedure is 15-20 minutes. Wash off with warm water.
Contraindications: not systematized.
Field honeydew (pink sow thistle): description and distribution
Description of field or thistle pink (Cirsium arvense (L.): Belongs to the family Astrovidae (Asteraceae), (Asteraceae), is a perennial plant with a height of 30 to 150 cm. The root system is well developed. It consists of a main root root and numerous root processes giving rise to new aerial shoots. The stem is wingless, bare below, branched in the upper part.
The leaves of the cirsium are alternate, stiff, yellow-green, sessile or short-leaved, oblong or lanceolate, deeply emarginate, cirrus, wavy-curly, hairless or less often below the arachnoid pubescent, up to 20 cm long and 5-6 cm wide Strong spikes 3-5 (6) mm long. Leaves descend onto the stem with small spiky wings or a row of thorns. Dioecious plant.
Look at the photo - the flowers of a field butyx are unisexual due to the underdevelopment of pestles or stamens, color from lilac-pink to lilac-purple:
The corolla is five-fold apart to the base, several times shorter than its tube. In stamen flowers, the corolla's limb is about 2 times shorter than the corolla tube, and in pistil flowers - 4-5 times. Anthers at base with serrated appendages at end, stamen filaments bare. Flower baskets of a thistle-thistle 1-2 cm in diameter, always erect, on cobwebbed legs. Receptacle flat with long bracts. The wrapper is glass-shaped or oblong. Its leaflets are multi-row, imbricate, pubescent on the outside with the smallest harsh hairs, and weakly and short cobweb-ciliate on the edge. The outer leaflets are purple-violet colored, at the apex with a short spiky pointed end, and the inner leaflets are elongated, membranous at the apex. The fruit of the pink calf is an elongated olive-yellowish or brownish achene with obscure longitudinal grooves, 3 mm long, laterally compressed, glabrous, with a long, flowing crest of cirrus hairs. The crest is dirty white, when flowering is shorter than the corolla, by the end of flowering it lengthens and when fruiting becomes almost 3 times longer than the corolla. It blooms from half of June to frost. Seeds ripen in September-October.
Special signs: the field butyx, taxonomically complex and polymorphic, according to most modern taxonomists, is actually a subgenus of several root-spawning dioecious species. Occasionally individuals with pure white inflorescences are found. Due to polymorphism, it is difficult to identify in a different area.
These photos show the plant butyx field:
Spread: Europe and Asia. Particularly an artifact field grows in a wide variety of plant communities - in fields, gardens, wastelands, garbage places, along the banks of reservoirs, on forest edges, along roadsides and fields. The soil moisture is indifferent, more demanding on the content of humus in it. Weed plant.
Buttock field is a good honey plant. The honey is white or slightly yellowish, without any particular odor, and quickly crystallizes into a creamy-fine mass.
The use of leaves, flowers and roots of the Cirsium arvensis
Parts of the plant used: flowers, grass (leaves) and roots.
In various parts of the plant are found:
- acacetin (antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, capillary-strengthening, diuretic and antiviral (herpes),
- allantoin (anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, affects cell growth),
- inulin (dietary, sugar and starch substitute for diabetes mellitus),
- amirins alpha and beta (antitumor, lipid-lowering),
- linarin (anti-inflammatory) - leaves,
- luteolin - flowers,
- beta-sitosterol (beta-sitosterol) (estrogen, antisclerotic, antitumor, fungicidal, bacteriostatic, with hypercholesterolemia, prostatitis and prostate adenoma) - root, leaves, flowers,
- chlorogenic acid - root, plants, leaves, flowers.
Harvest time: flowers and grass - July-August, roots - in the fall.
Collection: inflorescences and grass are harvested during flowering. Dry in well-ventilated areas or in warm weather in the shade on the street. Spikes are cut from the leaves before drying. The roots are dug in the fall. Washed with cold running water and dried in dryers at a temperature of 35-40 ° C. Store in paper bags in dry places. The shelf life of grass and inflorescences is 2 years. The shelf life of the roots is 3 years.
Cultivation: malicious weed. On garden plots not grown.
Application: a decoction of grass is taken with colic.
Alcoholic tincture of the flowers of the artisan, along with calamus root and buds of black poplar, is taken for stomach cancer, alternating the reception of tinctures with the reception of the water infusion of flowers of the artisan field.
Outwardly, the infusion of herbs is used for various skin diseases and for poultices with the formation of hemorrhoid cones (the temperature of the infusion should not be higher than 40 ° C).
For external use in skin diseases, bruises, wounds, cuts, fresh (after removing the thorns) and dry leaves are used. To do this, pour boiling water over it and apply it to sore spots, wrapping in gauze.
If there are contraindications to the use of hot compresses, then puree from fresh leaves is used.
In decorative floriculture root-headed thistle, root-headed thistle (Cirsium rhizocephalum C.A. Mey). Has beautiful, shiny, carved with thorns leaves, low peduncles and large yellow-white flowers. Previously, this species was used in folk medicine of Persia and the Mediterranean.
Beautiful in solitary landings and edible artype, vegetable artype (Cirsium esculentum (Siev.) C.A. Mey). The flowers are red, lilac purple or whitish. Stem 5-50 cm tall, furrowed, curly-hairy. Baskets sessile in the center of the cape from basal leaves. Leaves are lanceolate, pubescent, long, beautiful and numerous, with good care reach 60-70 cm in length. As the name implies, it is eaten. Young shoots, expanded sections of rhizomes and base of stems are used for making soups, mashed potatoes and salads.
Recipes of infusions and decoctions based on the plant of the Cirsium fielda:
- infusion (external agent): 3 tablespoons of dry grass per 1 cup of boiling water, insist 3-4 hours, filter. It is used for skin diseases, especially on the scalp.
- decoction: 2 teaspoons of roots per 200 ml of water, boil for 10 minutes, insist 2 hours, filter. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times daily before meals.
- leaves for hemorrhoids: Pour 2-3 tablespoons of the grass of the artisanum with boiling water, wrap in gauze, and apply these pads to the hemorrhoid cones.
- infusion: 2 tablespoons of dry grass per 1 cup of boiling water, insist 3-4 hours, filter. Take 1/2 cup 2 times a day.
Contraindications: prolonged use may lead to hypertension.
- It is necessary to pay attention to contraindications to the common butanus, and especially to the below-listed butanifolia.
- In case of varicose veins and a tendency to thrombosis, they are not prescribed or used for a short time.
Thistle variegated: description and recipes
Description of Cirsium heterophyllum L. Belongs to the family Astrovidae (Asteraceae), (Asteraceae), is a perennial herbaceous plant with an upright furrowed spider web, in the lower part a wingless stalk 50-100 cm high.
Leaves are whitewashed from below, glabrous or slightly cobwebbed from above, from elliptical-lanceolate to lanceolate, long-pointed, whole, serrated or whole-marginal, unevenly prickly on the margin. The lower leaves are narrowed into a winged, ear-shaped, petiole at the base, the remaining leaves are with a broad heart-shaped base covering the stem.
Pay attention to the photo: the flowers of the multi-leaved calf are purple-red, less whitish, in single (less often 2-3) baskets on long (up to 50 mm length), at the top of the white-clotted legs:
The fruit is an achene. It blooms from June to August. Fruits in July.
Spread: the entire European part and Western Siberia of Russia. It grows in swampy forests, at the edges, among shrubs, in wet meadows.
Used plant parts: the aerial part of the plant or leaves. The plant contains rubber, essential oil, alkaloids, coumarins, flavonoids, anthocyanins. It is a poorly studied plant.
Not to be confused with the elephant-calf, the elephant-calf (Cirsium helenioides L.), in which the leaves are whole, coarse-toothed, bristly along the edge, with curly-shaped jointed hairs on top. Often even botanists combine both species into one. An elephant-like body-foot is more often found beyond the Urals, reaching the Arctic Circle, in Komi, northern Mongolia, and northern Kazakhstan. A rather rare plant in central Russia.
The chemical compositions of both species have not been studied, maybe they are equivalent to each other when used for medicinal purposes.
Harvest time: June August.
Collection: harvest grass or leaves separately during flowering. Dried in the shade in a well-ventilated area, often overturned, or in dryers at a temperature of 35-40 ° C. Shelf life is 2 years.
The plant is listed in the Red Books of the Saratov region of Russia, as well as Belarus.
Application: exhibits anti-inflammatory, tonic and hemostatic properties.
An infusion of grass is taken for pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, epilepsy, nervous diseases, goiter, liver, kidney, stomach colic, anuria.
Outwardly (lotions, powder or fresh leaves) are used as a wound healing, hemostatic and anti-inflammatory drug
Also used for conjunctivitis, skin rash, boils.
Apply fresh chopped leaves to wounds, ulcers, boils and abrasions.
Household purpose: young shoots and leaves are used in salads and soups. It can be added during the preparation of mashed soups.
- infusion: 1 tablespoon of the leaves of the bodyknot for 1 cup of boiling water, insist 4-5 hours, filter. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
- powder from dried leaves or freshly shredded leaves are used to treat purulent wounds and ulcers.
- pads for hemorrhoids: 2-3 tablespoons of the grass of the artisan scald with boiling water, wrap in gauze and apply to hemorrhoids.
- decoction for epilepsy, nervous diseases and goiter, liver diseases, anuria (insufficient formation of urine by the kidneys): 1 tablespoon of grass in 1 glass of water, boil for 5 minutes, insist 1 hour, filter. Take 1-2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day half an hour before meals.
- infusion for boils, wounds, skin rashes, bleeding, conjunctivitis: 3 tablespoons of herbs for 2 cups boiling water, insist 2 hours, filter. Use in the form of lotions, you can use for a long time. Inside, take a tincture of a medicinal gingerbread 2 tablespoons 2-3 times a day for bleeding.
- infusion for tonic and anti-sweat baths: 100 g of crushed roots of a thistle variegated to 3 liters of boiling water, insist in a warm place for 2-3 hours, filtered into a bath with a water temperature of 38 ° C. The duration of the procedure is 15 minutes.
Contraindications: variegated thistle should not be prescribed for myopathy and encephalopathy.
- In a number of cases, in patients taking drugs from a multi-leaved bodybuilder, an increase in blood pressure is observed.
- Long-term use can lead to hypertension.
- In case of varicose veins and a tendency to thrombosis, they are not prescribed or used for a short time.
- Possible individual intolerance.