One of the biggest dangers that threatens almost all domestic cats is obesity. Often the owners consider their magnificent pets to be cute, not understanding how fatal the excess weight is for them. Consider how to determine obesity in an animal, what consequences it may have from it, and how to lose weight for a cat.
How to identify obesity
To determine the weight of the pet, first you need to weigh it. You can do this on ordinary human scales, first weighing yourself, and then take the animal in your arms. The weight of the cat depends on the breed standard, physique, age and gender. A slightly different situation is with outbred animals, for which such standards do not exist, because a lot of blood is mixed in them, which means that outwardly they can radically differ from each other. In this case, an external examination of the cat should help.
An animal with a normal weight should not have visible ribs, pelvic bones, protruding vertebrae, but they should be easily palpated. The body is proportional. There is a little fat on the stomach, the waist is distinguishable.
In an overweight cat, the waist is barely distinguishable, the ribs and spine are barely palpable, and a sufficiently large fat layer is palpated on the chest and abdomen.
In an obese animal, the ribs and spine are almost not palpable due to fat, a very large round belly that sticks out from the sides when walking, a large layer of fat is palpated on the stomach and chest. It’s hard for an obese cat to walk. It becomes inactive, shortness of breath appears. How to lose weight overweight cat, consider below.
Sterilized Cat Obesity
Cat sterilization is accompanied by serious hormonal changes in the body. There is an increase in appetite, metabolism slows down, and activity decreases. The cat eats a lot and does not move much, because of which she gradually develops obesity.
How can a cat lose weight in this case? After sterilization, it is important to monitor the amount of food absorbed by the animal. It’s not a pity to give the cat as much food as she can eat. Feed should be given in the amount indicated on the manufacturer's packaging, in accordance with the age and weight of the animal. Zhor after surgery in a cat can last about two months.
Castrated cats are often obese. After the operation, they become lazy and inactive, the amount of food consumed does not decrease, and therefore problems with excess weight appear. How to lose weight castrated cat, we will analyze a little lower.
Hypodynamia - a decrease in animal activity. It can be caused by various factors: sterilization, age, disease. Often cats that do not have access to the street suffer from this. Street animals are constantly on the move: they hunt, seek food, fight with each other, look for a mating partner. Domestic cats are deprived of all these joys. Their world is limited by the walls of the apartment, people give them food, and sterilized animals do not even think about reproduction. The only joy for them is to eat deliciously. Young animals can be active: rush about the apartment, play, jump on the walls, but with age they become more and more lazy. As a result, it is domestic cats that do not go outside that are more often obese.
Some diseases of the internal organs can cause overweight in a cat. Obesity can cause problems with the stomach, intestines, liver, gall bladder. Often cats suffering from diabetes suffer from excess weight. Due to a lack of insulin, glucose metabolism is impaired, which leads to obesity.
Another reason is hormonal disruption, resulting from malfunctions in the thyroid gland. Due to the excessive release of hormones or their lack, the animal becomes less active and eats more.
Another reason is a genetic predisposition. It is noted that descendants of cats with excess weight also have such a problem. Can a cat lose weight in this case? With a genetic predisposition, it is important to constantly monitor the animal and its nutrition. If you do not control the situation, the cat will quickly gain weight again. Such animals are prescribed a lifelong diet, and it is better to give them special feeds.
Problems with the nervous system, bones and muscles are the reason for the decrease in cat activity. In this case, you need to reduce the amount of animal feed.
Other digestion and body problems
It is worth noting that not only obesity can be dangerous for the animal. If the cat has lost a lot of weight, this means that he has serious health problems. It is worth paying attention to this, because exhaustion, like obesity, can become fatal.
If the cat eats nothing and has lost weight, other symptoms of the disease should be noted. Perhaps the animal simply does not fit the new food. It is worth remembering that it is necessary to change the feed gradually, slowly increasing the amount of new and decreasing the amount of old. In addition, it is likely that a new pet is simply not suitable for a pet. In this case, it should be replaced by another.
If the hind legs of a cat have lost weight, this may indicate kidney failure. In this case, you need to urgently consult a doctor. If the cat vomits and has lost weight, the following are possible: poisoning, infectious diseases, serious problems with the liver, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract. An accurate diagnosis can only be made by a doctor after an examination. It is worth noting that if by the summer the cat is very shedding and losing weight, you do not need to worry. A warm coat falls off, and the fat layer decreases, so that the body does not overheat from high summer temperatures.
One of the main causes of obesity in cats is malnutrition. Many owners are not aware of the proper nutrition of cats, they keep animals in accordance with established traditions (feed from the table) or buy an animal advertised inexpensive feed, which are often extremely poor quality.
It should be understood that a cat is not a person, which means that he can’t eat everything that people eat. Soups, borscht, boiled potatoes - all this giving the animal is strictly contraindicated. Large chicken bones are deadly at all, because there are cases when sharp bone pieces tore open the throat of cats. Chocolate is poisonous for cats.
Cheap economy-class feeds, which are sold in almost all stores, do not benefit the cat and can cause serious illnesses. The thing is low-quality components, which are often part of the feed. In addition, such foods contain chemical impurities. Economy class foods contain an addictive addictive feel in cats. The animal pounces on food not because it is hungry, but because of the influence of a kind of drug on it.
The effects of obesity
Obesity is the cause of increased stress on the skeleton and internal organs of the animal, which is why the body wears out faster. Due to pain in the joints and bones, the animal moves less, which further aggravates the situation.
Due to obesity, the number of fat cells that the blood feeds increases, which means that there are more blood vessels, and with it the load on the heart increases. Problems with the cardiovascular system begin, which can lead to heart failure or stroke.
With obesity, the load on the kidneys increases, which can cause kidney failure and urolithiasis. Often obesity in cats leads to diabetes, which may well lead to blindness of the animal. The liver is also prone to obesity. This can lead to its failure. According to statistics, obese cats live 2-3 years less than their thinner counterparts.
Treatment and diet
How can a cat lose weight? At the first sign of excess weight in the cat, you need to consult a veterinarian. The doctor will examine the animal. If obesity is the result of internal malfunctions in the cat's body, the veterinarian will diagnose and then prescribe treatment. Perhaps the animal will have to do injections and transfer it to a special feed. Often, the treatment for obesity in a cat is a diet and an increase in its activity. It is necessary to control the weight of the cat and record all changes. If the weight does not change, you need to go to the doctor again.
Often, animals overweight are prescribed a special diet. However, this does not mean that the pet must be starved. The animal needs to be fed according to the schedule, and not leave food freely available for the whole day. In order to reduce the volume of the stomach, food should be given more often, but in smaller portions. After eating, the leftovers must be removed until the next time.
The animal cannot be fed from the table. In the diet of the cat must be meat, vegetables and cereals in the proportions indicated by the veterinarian. Fish can only be given once a week, as it can cause the development of urolithiasis. In the diet, in no case should there be potatoes and rice, in which there is a lot of starch. During the diet, you need to reduce the calorie content of food: eliminate fatty chicken and beef. You can give chicken, turkey, lean beef. It is necessary to temporarily remove fatty dairy products from the diet. At the same time, kefir, low-fat yogurt, and cottage cheese will be useful. From vegetables, you can offer carrots, turnips and pumpkin.
It is necessary to abandon low-quality dry and wet finished feed. Only premium and super premium feeds benefit. Some manufacturers have special feeds for obese cats. It is necessary to give them by weight in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.
If you feed the cat only with ready-made feeds, you should not give him natural food. Ready-made feeds contain all the vitamins and minerals necessary for a complete diet and are designed for constant feeding. Mixed feeding will lead to an imbalance of individual components, which will disastrously affect the health of the pet.
How to increase cat activity
Cats are predators and hunters, and therefore they need constant physical activity. Street animals live a full active life and rarely have problems with obesity, while domestic cats suffer from idleness.
How to make a cat lose weight? The animal should have enough space where it can jump, run and play. Ideally, it is advisable to make special shelves for the cat on the wall, on which he can jump, or you can buy a whole game complex.
The cat must have toys. They are often played with pleasure up to the very old age, especially if the owner takes a direct part in this. Everything ringing, fluffy, rustling attracts the attention of cats, and if it still moves, the animal's hunting instinct immediately triggers.
You need to play with a cat a lot so that it spends extra calories. A cat, like a dog, can be led outside on a leash. Naturally, this can only be done if the animal has all the necessary vaccinations. At first, the cat may be afraid of the street and cling to the body of the owner. You need to accustom the animal gradually, gradually walking with it every day, first in your arms, and then you can lower it to the ground. It is worth making sure that the harness and the leash are reliable, and you should not let the leash out of your hands, because domestic cats are often shy and can rush at any time. Unlike dogs, they do not understand the commands, and therefore it is necessary to follow them better on the street.
Advice to the owner
Do not be led to the cat’s hungry look when he asks for food. Feed the animal clearly in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. Feeding is not a manifestation of love. It is better to devote more time to playing with the cat and his health.
Do not save on a pet. Cheap food only spoils the health of the animal. It is contraindicated to feed him from the table. You should ignore sad looks and compassionate meow. With special perseverance, you need to bring the cat to another room. And in no case do not give up on this issue, because once the weakness shown will show the cat that he is doing everything right.
Excess weight in a cat is a serious problem that cannot be ignored. Obesity can lead to many health problems, and in the worst case, to death. We examined how to lose weight at home for a cat, the owner only has to follow all the recommendations and put his animal in order.
The content of the article
- How to help a cat lose weight
- What to do if the cat has stopped eating
- How to make a cat eat
Castrated and sterilized cats and cats that live in homes with people and have unlimited access to dry food are most prone to obesity. Making a pet lose weight is quite difficult, but for its own good, it is simply necessary.
We restrict access to dry food
In order for the cat not to gain extra pounds, you need to feed it only with that amount of dry food, which is recommended by the manufacturer. As a rule, the exact dosage is indicated on the packaging of any dry food depending on the weight and age of the animal.
There are also special feeds that are designed for representatives of a particular breed, as well as for animals that have their own physiological characteristics: pregnant and suffering from various diseases. It is necessary to be able to refuse a cat, since every excess portion of food does not add to her health at all.
It is important to feed your pet only with quality food - premium and super premium feeds. Cheap feeds do not contain enough nutrients, vitamins and minerals, but appetite pathogens and all kinds of aromatic additives are more than enough. For full growth and development, veterinarians, as a rule, recommend feeds of such manufacturers as Royal Canin, Purina Pro Plan, Hills, Advance, Nutra Gold that are quite affordable.
Should low-calorie foods be preferred?
Feeding a cat with foods that contain a minimum of calories is a good way to help the animal cope with obesity, but this is by no means a panacea. Cats react quite painfully to a change in diet and may simply refuse to eat low-calorie foods. In case of failure, it is better to return to the previous diet.
If the cat does not mind trying something new and is quite satisfied with the taste of low-calorie food, the animal should be transferred to a new diet gradually. It is very simple to make a gradual change of the diet - with each feeding, you need to gradually reduce the amount of normal food, replacing it with a new one. All recommendations regarding the weight of each serving of food are indicated on the packaging.
It is not recommended to change the feed dramatically, for example, in one day. Such drastic changes (if the cat liked the new taste) can cause problems associated with the functioning of the animal’s gastrointestinal tract: vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation.
Why does a cat need to lose weight
For each animal, there is a weight norm at which they feel great and look beautiful. The excess layer of fat cells increases the load on the internal organs, disrupts the functioning of the systems, leads to the development of diseases, increases the risk of complications with existing chronic pathologies.Cats with excess weight, obesity do not move much, do not play, lead a passive lifestyle, age faster, live less. The animal needs to lose weight for itself and the owner. To prevent pathological transformations, diseases, play, run, lead a full-fledged lifestyle.
The causes of obesity are as follows:
- type 2 diabetes
- metabolic disturbance,
- heart diseases,
- arthritis, osteoarthrosis,
- high blood pressure
- sore joints
- hormonal imbalance,
- sedentary lifestyle.
It is worth noting that wild cats practically do not suffer from excess weight, obesity, get sick less. Pets do not move much, eat artificial food, undergo sterilization, so their lifestyle can hardly be called healthy, and life is full. To avoid health problems of his pet, the owner should make every effort. Fat cats suffer from various diseases, have problems with blood vessels, muscles.
Weight and obesity
The average weight of an adult cat is 3-6 kg. Males 1-2 kg always weigh more than females of their breed. The main factors affecting body weight:
- genetic factors
- health status,
- nutrition - quality, type,
Small breeds weigh from 2.5 to 4.5 kg, medium - 5-8 kg, large - up to 8 kg. After castration, a cat can begin to gain weight, so you need to give it special food or put on a diet. If it is not possible to accurately measure the weight of the pet, you can determine the fatness by appearance.
- the spine protrudes, the pelvic bones are easily palpable, visible to the naked eye,
- shrunken muscles
- there is no fat on the chest
- sunken stomach.
- pelvic bones, spine, ribs palpated, but not secreted, not visible,
- the proportions are correct,
- does not sag belly
- the waist stands out.
- my stomach is sagging
- noticeable fat layer
- no waist
- the ribs, pelvic bones, and spine are not palpable.
If the cat has a deviation of at least 1 kg, this is an occasion to contact a specialist. The ideal weight for a particular pet can be calculated by a veterinarian. Obesity changes not only the appearance of the animal, but also disrupts the functioning of internal organs, systems. Obesity in cats is much more common than in cats. The reason is hormones.
Weight gain is the result of the deposition of fat cells. In most cases, this is due to low physical activity, malnutrition.
There are also other risk factors:
- Age. Over time, physical activity decreases, metabolic processes are disrupted. Energy replenishment requires less energy. If the cat continues to eat in the usual way, excess calories turn into fat cells, weight gain.
- Breed. A tendency to obesity appears in some breeds of cats at the genetic level. If you do not adhere to a diet, the animal begins to gain weight. Mixed breeds are prone to obesity.
- Floor. Cats are more prone to overweight due to hormonal changes. Although at the genetic level, cats of the same breed always weigh more by a couple of kilograms.
- Diseases. Sometimes obesity becomes the result of pathological metabolic disorders, hormonal imbalances, diseases of internal organs, systems. Contributes to the deposition of fat cells diabetes.
- Castration, sterilization. After the operation, animals are deprived of the ability to reproduce offspring. On the one hand, it is very convenient for the owners, on the other hand, the risk of developing diseases increases. Among the side effects are weight gain due to hormonal imbalance.
- Overfeeding, overeating. Cats that have easy access to food often overeat. In addition, many artificial feeds contain flavors, a large amount of salt, fat, and therefore very often cause obesity. When feeding with natural food "from the table", the likelihood of weight gain is also increased. Foods that are good for humans are not always good for cats. Components are not digested, metabolic processes are difficult, fat cells are deposited.
- Physical inactivity. In the wild, cats lead an active lifestyle, constantly hunt, climb trees. In apartment conditions, animals practically do not move, so calories are quickly deposited in fats.
Signs of obesity are overweight, difficulty walking, shortness of breath, slow motion, drowsiness, apathy, and bad mood.
To get rid of excess weight, you need to reduce the intake of calories, increase their consumption. In theory, everything is simple, in fact, more complicated. The owner can choose the right diet for the pet, but making it move more is problematic. In general, it is impossible to put a cat on a strict diet. Physiologically, the animal’s body is not arranged as in humans, dogs. A hunger strike for 2 days leads to the development of a fatal ailment - liver lipidosis or fatty hepatosis.
It is very important to choose the right diet with the right amount of calories. Serious diseases should also be ruled out. If obesity is caused by diabetes mellitus, hormonal failure, a regular diet will not help, additional special drugs are needed. The best option is to take the pet to a specialist, get a consultation.
How to feed a cat to lose weight
The normal weight of an adult cat should be 3.6 - 4.4 kg. But, if the body weight of the animal is 8 kg, it is impossible to quickly lose kilograms. The intermediate weight will be 6.8 kg. After it is achieved, they turn to specialists again. It is necessary to assess the health status of the pet, to decide on the advisability of continuing the diet.
The weight loss program includes several important aspects:
- Feeding frequency
Promotes weight gain and free access to food. The cat from idleness eats everything that is in her plate, the number of calories is not controlled, obesity develops. Feed your pet 2-4 times a day. Serving size should be equal to one middle mouse.
- Diet reduction
Rapid reduction in calories, a change in diet leads to the development of fatty hepatosis, death. Calorie needs to be reduced gradually, by 20-30% per week. It is considered normal if a cat loses no more than 2% of body weight in a week.
- Dry food, carbohydrates
Many owners choose ready-made dry food and canned food as the main food for their pets. The packages indicate the daily portion, recommendations for feeding, as well as the beneficial properties of the contents. However, in practice, everything is not so simple. The composition of the feed includes a large number of cereal crops - carbohydrates, relatively little protein. With regular use of food, the amount of carbohydrates increases, which is converted into fat cells. With prolonged nutrition of dry food, diabetes and obesity develop. The correct portion is calculated taking into account the physical activity of the cat, physique, individual characteristics.
Buying special treats for cats is not worth it. They contain flavorings, flavor enhancers, after which the appetite increases even more. It is not useful to feed pets sweets from the table. The internal organs of the animal are not able to process sweets properly. As a result, they all turn into fats, disrupt digestion. During a diet, treats should be ruled out. As soon as the weight is normalized, it is allowed to treat the cat with pieces of chicken, fish.
The natural source of nutrition are mice, birds. They consist of protein, fat, a small amount of carbohydrates. Animals get energy from protein, fat, carbohydrates can be completely excluded from the diet. In this case, the feed is considered optimal if it consists of 50% protein, 40% fat, 10% carbohydrates.
Based on energy needs during a period of absolute rest. The value is designated as PEPP. Calories are calculated as follows:
- 70 x (ideal weight in kg) x on ¾,
- 30 x (total weight in kilograms) + 70.
For weight loss per day, a cat should receive 80% PEPP. In addition, there is a ready-made table by which values can be compared.
- 3.6 kg - 180 kcal,
- 4.5 kg - 210 kcal,
- 5.4 kg - 230 kcal.
The calculations are approximate, the exact number of calories needed to lose weight for a particular animal should be calculated by a specialist. The rate of daily consumption of kilocalories directly depends on the body weight of the animal.
Which feed to choose
Since cats are obligate predators, they need a special diet rich in proteins. It is necessary to reduce the amount of consumed fats, eliminate carbohydrates. In simple words, cats should be given dairy products, meat, fish, eggs, and not given cereals, cereals, potatoes. Include a small amount of vegetables in the diet. Exclude sugar, salt.
In order not to constantly count calories, many manufacturers produce special diet products. It contains a minimal amount of carbohydrates, almost no fat. The main diet is proteins. However, such products cost more than usual. When choosing food for cats, special attention should be paid to the composition. In a dietary product there should be no flavor enhancers, flavors, or flavoring additives.
The main food is dry products, canned food - additional food that can be discarded for the duration of the diet. Domestic and foreign manufacturers produce special products. Particularly popular are:
- 4 TYPES OF MEAT WITH BROWN RICE INDOOR (DRY LOW-GRAIN FOOD OF CLASS CLASTIES WITH LIVING PROBIOTICS),
- CLUB 4 PAWS PREMIUM “WITH RABBITS IN JELLY”,
- DRY FOOD FOR ADULT CATS PRONATURE ORIGINAL CHICKEN,
- FELIX FELIX SPOUCH BEEF JELLY 100 g,
- GIMPET CRISPY BITS DENTAL MEAT BALLS FOR TEETH 40 g,
- GIMPET MEATY SNACKS CHICKEN 35 g,
- GIMPET SHINY CAT TUNA SHRIMPS,
- Cat food Blitz "Poultry", "Chicken", "Turkey".
You need to choose a low-calorie, high-quality product. Feed is freely available at any veterinary pharmacy or specialty store. You can order it online if you wish.
How long does it take to train a cat to diet
It all depends on how radically different dietary nutrition is from normal. If you make the transition from dry food to natural food, the animal will get used to it for at least 2 weeks. It is recommended to train a pet gradually when replacing high-calorie dry food with diet. Initially, 1 part of the new is added to regular feed. After 3 days, the proportion is increased. Fully switch to new food after 14 days. To improve the taste it is allowed to warm the feed, chop, season with fish oil.
How to make more move
You cannot take a cat for a morning run. This behavior is not characteristic of the animal. Cats are ambush predators that by nature do not move very much, wait for a prey in an ambush, rarely go beyond the boundaries of their own territory. If necessary, they rush in pursuit at their maximum speed, but the duration of the run is no more than 1 minute. After this, the predator needs a lot of time to recover.
Domestic cat - a copy of the wild, but even more immobilized. Making an adult pet somersault, running after the ball, fattening, is problematic. Moreover, if the animal for several years led a sedentary lifestyle. In addition, the breed plays an important role, character traits. Some cats simply do not tend to frolic, fold rugs, chase the target.
To reduce calories, reduce the accumulation of fat cells, you can do the following:
- teasing a pet, making him chase a toy, a ball,
- do gymnastics,
- use special toys that stimulate cat activity,
- put grooves with grooves,
- create obstacles for access to the bowl with food, for example, put it on the platform higher than usual, then the pet will have to strain,
- make an incision in a plastic bottle, put food there, the cat will be forced to roll the “feeder” to get to the feed,
- install a running wheel for cats.
Pets that have the ability to go outside are less likely to suffer from obesity because they move more. If there is such an opportunity, you need to start taking your pet out for walks. Exercises for weight loss of cats do the most primitive - paws to the sides, up.
In order to quickly achieve the desired goal, normalize the weight of the pet, you need to give him maximum time, adhere to certain rules.
- Put a bowl of food in different places so that it is not so easy to get to it. Some fat cats prefer to sleep near the plate, so as not to go far. You need to make them do it.
- Buy a special ball-feeder, inside which you should put a certain portion of dry food. To get it you need to work hard, roll the ball in different directions.
- Every day you need to spend at least 15 minutes to play with a cat. Various teasers are used - a laser, a sun bunny, feathers, a rope with a toy at the end, foil balls, etc.
- Buy tweeter toys. Cats like to drag, nibble, roll on the floor. It is necessary to entice a darling with something. When one toy gets tired, they offer another.
There is no single correct mechanism of action. Each pet is individual, only the owner knows his abilities, preferences, interests, temperament. It takes a bit of quick wits to make the cat move, enjoy it.
Answers to popular questions
With weight loss in animals, the owners have many questions. Answers to the most common of them are presented below.
- How to feed other cats if you need to lose weight only one?
There are several options. You can put the dishes in different rooms, pour different feeds, and then clean everything. Or, to a thin cat, place a bowl of food on a dais where a fat cat will not get. In general, it is recommended to adhere to a diet for all sterilized pets, not only for those who are overweight, therefore, you can put everyone on proper nutrition right away. Some to normalize weight, others - to prevent obesity.
- How long will a cat have to diet?
It all depends on the efforts of the owner, additional actions, the individual characteristics of the animal, the initial weight, the desired result. Approximately on a diet, a cat sheds 500 g per month. In most cases, achieving the ideal weight is obtained in 6-8 months. However, it should be borne in mind that after leaving the diet, the pet can again gain extra pounds. In some cases, keeping a pet diet is a must.
In addition, losing weight to a cat after sterilization is harder than a cat. Therefore, many factors are taken into account.
- What to do if a cat constantly begs for food?
To control overweight, as well as to normalize body weight, it is very important to adhere to the regimen. If a cat constantly asks for food, this does not mean that she is hungry. In most cases, the food is perceived as signs of attention, therefore, in order to calm the animal, you can pick it up, stroke it, and talk to it. If the cat doesn’t calm down, put a couple of pieces of food on a plate or pour water. Another option for restless pets is to feed more often, but less. The daily dose is divided into several doses.
- How to lose weight on a cat on a natural?
A cat's diet can consist not only of special food, but also of natural products.In order for a pet to start losing extra pounds, carbohydrates must be excluded from the diet, and the amount of fat reduced. The main diet will consist of protein. Products are selected individually, taking into account portability. They give beef, chicken, fish, eggs, low-fat cottage cheese, yogurt. It is much easier to buy special foods for obese cats, but natural foods will be more beneficial.
A well-fed cat needs to lose weight in order to improve health, prevent serious diseases, prolong life. Before you take a pet to surgery, you need to remember that losing weight to a neutered cat, a sterilized cat is much more difficult, so you need to feed the animals right away, and not wait until they have excess weight.
Dear readers, was this article helpful? What do you think about obesity in cats and on the methods presented, how to lose weight with a cat. Leave your feedback in the comments! Your opinion is important to us, and it will be useful to other users who are faced with the same situation!
Reasons to lose weight
The reasons why an excessively well-fed cat needs to lose weight are related to the harm that causes excess weight to the body of the animal. Due to the abundance of fat occurs:
- deterioration of the functions of internal organs, primarily the liver, heart, blood vessels,
- the occurrence of type 2 diabetes,
- movement problems, muscle wasting,
- deformation of joints under the influence of excessive load, the development of arthritis and arthrosis,
- lack of oxygen due to heart failure.
Obesity can provoke the development of cancer. All these factors dramatically reduce the time and quality of life of a pet. And communication with the owner comes down to stroking: the cat does not feel like playing, it becomes sleepy, lethargic, hunting instincts fade. In a private house, this can lead to the appearance and breeding of rodents.
Excess weight prevents the animal from moving normally
Weight Loss Program for Fat Cats
It is developed by a veterinarian if the cat does not need treatment for a systemic disease. In this case, the main directions of the weight loss scheme will be a gradual change in diet and an increase in physical activity. Usually, doctors determine the ideal weight of the cat and the intermediate, to which you first need to lose weight. Indeed, the rapid loss of body weight will only harm the health of the purr.
Dietary recommendations for cats
Most often, veterinarians recommend owners of fat cats change their pet food or reduce portions. You need to act gradually so as not to cause stress in the animal. Doctors advise in the first days to add a quarter of the new feed to the main one, then slowly increase its ratio in the bowl.
How long it takes to train a cat to diet depends on the speed of getting used to healthy food, but on average it is a couple of weeks.
After the cat switches to a new diet completely, he should be weighed every week to fix: are there any positive changes. If at first the weight decreased, and after the process stalled - this is normal. Continue to feed your pet according to the new scheme, and when the “plateau” is overcome, the weight will go down again. But if within a month there were no results, you need to adjust the nutrition scheme together with the veterinarian.
The new food needs to be slowly mixed with the old one, so that the animal gets used
Sometimes, in order for the cat to return to its previous form, it is enough to change the diet: remove the food bowls from constant free access. Domestic cats need to be given food four times a day in small portions - the size of a middle mouse.
You have to get used to the new diet
Reducing calorie intake
Servings should be reduced gradually so that the animal does not suffer from stress. If you are thinking about how to make a fat cat lose weight, you can not keep it on a starvation diet - it will get sick. The maximum that an animal can lose is 2% of its own weight. To achieve this, the overall diet is reduced by an average of 15% or choose a food with reduced calorie content. In the latter case, you can focus on the average indicators, how much you need to reduce calories if the cat moves extremely little.
Low calorie adult cat food
The volume of breakfast, lunch and dinner is gradually reduced
Table 1. The rate of daily intake of kilocalories to achieve ideal cat weight.
|Necessary body weight, kg||Calorie intake per day, kcal|
For larger cats, the average calorie content of the diet, which will lead to weight loss, can be calculated by the formula: 80% x (70x (required weight) x¾). Such a calculation is average, indicators may vary depending on the breed.
Natural food for small cats - birds and mice. That is almost completely protein. And in dry foods, usually a lot of carbohydrates from cereals. This contributes to weight gain and diabetes. In order for a cat to lose weight, it needs to be fed either with a ready-made high-protein expensive mixture, or pick up an analog of natural nutrition.
In the optimal cat menu, proteins, fats and carbohydrates should approximately be in the following proportion: 5: 3: 2.
But when transferred to a diet that is close to natural, you can’t give the cat only meat. But it must be. Preferred non-fat varieties: turkey, chicken, rabbit meat. Additionally, the diet includes:
- low-fat boiled fish,
- cereals without steaming,
- nonfat dairy products.
Be sure to supplement the diet with vitamins on the recommendation of a veterinarian. Salt cat food is not worth it. The pet should always have fresh water.
Protein food - the basis of the diet
If you want to please a pet and reward him for good behavior, you should not treat him with purchased treats or a sausage. Such products contain additives and flavorings that are not too good for health, increase appetite. And some purchased “snacks” are even addictive. It is better to treat your pet with a slice of boiled chicken or fish without spices.
Human food is not allowed for cats, especially losing weight
Increased physical activity
Cats are predatory animals, but they hunt from ambush and are not inclined to travel long distances, driving or hunting down prey. And at home, when you don’t need to hunt, they even become lazy. Spend most of the day in blissful bliss and gain extra pounds.
Important! Physical activity is essential for effective weight loss - it speeds up calorie burning and metabolism.
Distracting a fat cat from a nap is incredibly difficult. But under a layer of fat hides a wild and brave hunter. You just need to remind the pet about it. The main way to make the cat move more is to play with it. Various devices help in this:
- laser pointers
- interactive mice
- various balls
- tweeter toys.
To interest a cat is capable of even a piece of paper on a string or a simple tangle. But you have to constantly come up with something new - cats do not tolerate uniformity, and a single ball will quickly get bored.
Kids are the best "trainers" of fat cats
The best “fitness trainer” for a cat is a preschool child. The kid will be happy to slow down the sloth and come up with a variety of fun games.
There are a few tricks to make an overweight cat lose weight:
- Setting a bowl of food away from the usual place, so that the cat still had to walk "on the hunt." In this case, the bowl after eating should be removed, and at the next meal, rearrange it to a neighboring place a little further. Otherwise, the fat man will settle down to rest near the place of feeding.
- Buying an unusual feeding trough so that the sloth had to sweat before getting food. But it should not be a feeder in which food is available all the time.
- The acquisition of toys inside which you can put dry food. It is also quite difficult to get it.
Do not let the sloth relax next to the bowl
You can invent any tricks to make a fat cat move and lose weight. There are even special gyms for animals, where cats lose weight under the guidance of trainers. If there is one nearby, and you have the means, why not buy a pet subscription.
Features of cat weight loss
Owners of well-fed animals have many questions about the intricacies of weight loss in cats. Here are the answers to the most common:
- How often and how long does it take to play with a fat cat? Doctors recommend at least 30 minutes daily.
You need to play with a cat for half an hour a day or more
- How long is a cat diet? It depends on how overweight, on the age and temperament of the animal. On average, fat cats reach their ideal form in six months of diet and increased physical activity. But in order to maintain a normal weight, dietary restrictions will have to be lifelong.
- How much can a cat lose per month? Healthy weight loss does not involve weight loss of more than half a kilogram in 30 days. But smaller results are good, the main thing is that there is progress. If it is not, the weight loss scheme needs to be adjusted.
- How to feed if there are several cats, and only one is overweight? Ideally, it is better to set them bowls in different rooms. And remove them so that the fat woman does not penetrate into someone else’s territory and doesn’t eat up behind her “colleagues”. The second option - for thin people to put bowls higher. Fat cats are difficult to climb on a hill. But you need to carefully monitor the process of eating: gourmets are capable of much for the sake of goodies.
- What if the animal begs for food all the time? It is necessary to have steel nerves in order to resist touching eyes or endless cries. But you have to do it for the health of your pet. To calm the animal, it must be caressed, stroked, distracted. Another way is to feed your pet in small portions, but often. So he does not have time to get hungry. In extreme cases, you can give an extraordinary couple of pieces of food, but no more.
The begging eyes of beggars will have to be ignored
An important point - features when reducing weight (weight loss) of sterilized cats and neutered cats. They will definitely have to change the feed, choosing a specialized one. And their bowls should always be filled with clean drinking water. This should be monitored especially carefully, because such a feed greatly dehydrates the body. It is better to give filtered water. Salts contained in untreated water provoke the formation of stones in the urinary ducts.
When the pet regains its former beauty and harmony, it is necessary to stabilize this achievement. So that he does not lose weight anymore, calorie content can be slightly increased, but not so much that the purr is again corroded. Daily half-hour workouts also remain mandatory. At this stage, it is worth doing control weighings every two to three weeks to track weight fluctuations and, if necessary, adjust it.
Physical activity is important in preventing overweight.
In order to prevent obesity, it is important:
- Do not mix different types of feed in consistency.
- Make a strict schedule of breakfast, lunch and dinner.
- Do not succumb to touching looks and angry, demanding howls.
- Do not give food instead of games and affection.
- More often engage with your favorite active gaming activities.
If the animal is still gaining weight, contact your veterinarian immediately. Obesity, like any other disease, has its stages. And the sooner the fight against him is started, the faster the recovery.
Stress from diet will reduce affectionate scratching
In the process of losing weight, to help the pet tolerate the difficulties of the diet more gently, you need to pay more attention and care to him. Gentle scratching and stroking will let the pet understand that the owner does not forget to feed him. This will make it easier for the cat to bear stress. But you can’t slowly fatten a fat man out of pity. His health is completely dependent on the stamina of the owner.