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Genus: Ailurops Wagler, 1830 = Bear Couscous

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The taxonomy of the genus Bear Couscous:

Due to its primitiveness, which can be called the main distinguishing feature, Bear couscous are allocated in a separate genus in which there is only one species.
Animals of this genus prefer to settle in tropical lowland forests on the upper tier. Bear couscous are arboreal animals and extremely rarely descend to the ground. Of the entire family, animals of this genus are the largest. It is worth noting that the average weight of bear couscous is 7 kg.

Representatives of this genus are characterized by a shortened muzzle, medium-sized semicircular eyes, and small, hairy ears. Unlike other members of the family, bear couscous hair includes not only coarse hair, but also soft undercoat. The color of six is ​​usually gray, brown, taupe, as well as various shades and combinations of these colors. The belly has a similar color, only a lighter shade. Bear couscous - large animals, the length of their body without a tail is 1-1.5 meters. The tail is 40-60 cm long. The unstretched tail plays an important role in the movement of animals. Its grasping function practically makes it the fifth limb with which couscous hold on to branches. Animals have a primitive structure of the skull, and their teeth grow throughout the life of animals.
Bear couscous live in pairs or small family groups of 3-4 individuals. Females produce offspring 1-2 times a year, giving birth to 1-2 cubs. The female has a well-developed bag, in which after birth the cubs spend about 8 months eating milk, then they become independent, remaining for some time next to their mother.
Bear couscous herbivorous animals. They feed on leaves, unripe fruits and flowers. The food of these animals is low-calorie, so most of the day they sleep in the hollows of trees or just relax. During the day they feed extremely rarely, preferring to get out of shelter after sunset.
Bear couscous, common only on Sulawessi Island and Talaut Islands, is protected by law in Indonesia. They are classified as endangered species due to the constant extermination by local residents and the slow reproduction of their numbers.

Credit: Portal Zooclub
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The family of coenoses - Caenolestidae Trouessart, 1898

2 subfamilies, up to 7 genera, of which modern - 2–3 genera of the nominative subfamily. Mountain (1500–4000 m) moist forests and meadows of the northwest and north of the South. America.

Genus Coenostrae northern - Caenolestes Thomas, 1895

Sometimes here include Lestoros . 3 types. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

fuliginosus Tomes, 1863 (obscurus Thomas, 1895, tatei Anthony, 1823). Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador.

caniventer Anthony, 1921. Ecuador, Peru.

convelatus Anthony, 1924. Colombia, Ecuador.

Peruvian genus colesteles - Lestoros Oehser, 1934

Previously considered as part of Caenolestes. . 1 view. C northwest south America (south of Peru).

inca Thomas, 1917 (gracilis Bublitz, 1987). Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Chilean Colefishes - Rhyncholestes Osgood, 1924

1 view. Mountain forests of the south-west South. America.

raphanurus Osgood, 1924 (continentalis Bublitz, 1987). Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Tribe Monodelphini Talice et al., 1960

Genus Opossums mouse-like - Marmosa Gray, 1821

Previously, Micoureus was also included here. Thylamys , Gracilinanus Marmo sops . 2 subgenus, about 10 species. Different types of forests (often humid tropical) of the Amazon region South. America, Brazilian Plateau, Center. America and the extreme southwest of the North. America.

Subgenus Marmosa s.str.

murina Linnaeus, 1758 (quichua Thomas, 1899, mer> moreirae Mirando-Ribeiro, 1936). Plain — low-mountain (up to 1300 m) moist tropical forests of the north of the South. America.

rubra Tate, 1931. Ecuador, Peru.

tyleriana Tate, 1931. Mountain (approx. 2000 m) forests of Venezuela.

robinsoni Bangs, 1898 (ruatanica Goldman, 1911). Far North South America, Isthmus of Panama, coastal islands.

xerophila Handley et Gordon, 1979. Plain savannah forests of the far north South. America.

mexicana Merriam, 1897. Center. America, West Sierra Madre

lepida Thomas, 1898. The South American part of the range of the genus.

canescens Allen, 1893. Moist forests of the south of the Mexican Highlands, Yucatan Peninsula, Isthmus of Panama.

Subgenus Stegomarmosa Pine, 1972

andersoni Pine, 1972. Peru.

Genus Mikurei - Micoureus Lesson, 1842

Previously considered as part of Marmosa. . 4–5 species. Tropical South and Center. America

regina Thomas, 1898 (germana Thomas, 1904, mapiriensis Tate, 1931,? phaea Thomas, 1899, rapposa Thomas, 1899). Middle belt of mountains of the eastern macro slope of the Northern and Central Andes.

demerarae Thomas, 1905 (cinerea auct., domina Thomas, 1920). The humid forests of the Amazon region and the Brazilian plateau.

alstoni Allen, 1900. Tropical Rainforest Center. America, Far North South. Americas adjacent to the east of the island.

constantiae Thomas, 1904 (limae Thomas, 1920). South of the Brazilian plateau.

Genus Opossums Patagonian - Lestodelphis Tate, 1934

1 view. Savannahs of Patagonia (south of South America).

halli Thomas, 1921. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Opossums graceful - Gracilinanus Gardner et Creighton, 1989

On Grymaeomys Burminster, 1854 (nom.praeocc.). Previously considered as part of Marmosa. . 2 sub-genera (possibly independent genera), up to 10 species. Center and East South. America.

Subgenus Gracilinanus s. str.

aceramarcae Tate, 1931. Locally in the Piedmont Forests Center. Bolivia.

agilis Burmeister, 1854 (blaseri Mirando-Ribeiro, 1936, Londoni Mirando-Ribeiro, 1936, unduaviensis Tate, 1931). Wet savannah forests of Gran Chaco.

dryas Thomas, 1898. Mountain forests of the far north South. America.

emiliae Thomas, 1909 (agricolai Moojen, 1943). East South America.

marica Thomas, 1898. Plain and mountain (up to 2000 m) forests of the far north South. America.

? microtarsus Wagner, 1842 (herhardti Mirando-Ribeiro, 1936). South of the Brazilian plateau.

ignitus Diaz et al., 2002. Piedmont forests of northern Argentina.

longicaudatus Hershkovitz, 1992 (= longicaudus auct.). Locally in the mountain forests of the Center. Colombia.

perijae Hershkovitz, 1992. North Columbia.

Subgenus Hyladelphis Voss et al., 2001

kalinowskii Hershkovitz, 1992. Mountain Forest Center. Peru and the Guiana Highlands.

Genus Opossums, Tailed - Monodelphis Burnett, 1830

In some systems, it is close to Marmosa s. str., stands out with him in a separate tribe. 2 sub-genus, up to 15 species. Forests and savannas of tropical South. America, Center. America.

Subgenus Monodelphis s.str.

brevicaudata Erxleben, 1777 (orinoci Thomas, 1899, touan Daudin, 1799). Tropical South America.

adusta Thomas, 1897. Northwest and North South. America, Center. America.

osgoodi Doutt, 1938. The Central Andes.

kunsi Pine, 1975. Bolivia.

domestica Wagner, 1842. Xerophytic forests of the Brazilian Plateau.

maraxina Thomas, 1923. O. Marajo off the northeast coast of the South. America.

americana Muller, 1776. Tropical South. America.

sorex Hensel, 1872 (henseli Thomas, 1908). South of the Brazilian plateau.

emiliae Thomas, 1912. The Amazon region.

iheringi Thomas, 1888. South of the Brazilian Plateau.

theresa Thomas, 1921. East Sout. America.

unistriata Wagner, 1842. Southeast Sout. America.

Subgenus Minuania Cabrera, 1919

rubida Thomas, 1898. Brazilian Plateau.

scalops Thomas, 1888. Brazilian Plateau.

dimidiata Wagner, 1847 (fosteri Thomas, 1924). Xerophytic forests and savannas of the southeastern part of the South. America.

The genus Tilamys - Thylamys Gray, 1843

Previously considered as part of Marmosa. . 5 types. South America south of Amazonia.

elegans Waterhouse, 1839 (tatei Handley, 1957, venusta Thomas, 1902). Central Andes.

macrura Olfers, 1818 (grisea Desmarest, 1827). Southeast Brazilian Plateau.

pallidor Thomas, 1902 (bruchi Thomas, 1921, formosa Shamel, 1930). South South America.

pusilla Desmarest, 1804 (karimii Petter, 1968). Plain and mountain (up to 3500 m) xerophytic forests and shrub savannas of the central part of the South. America.

velutinus Wagner, 1842. Southeast of the Brazilian Plateau.

Rod Opossums mouse - Marmosops Matschie, 1916

Previously considered as part of Marmosa. . 10–11 species. Northern and central regions of South. America, Center. America.

cracens Handley et Gordon, 1979. The lowland forests of Venezuela.

dorothea Thomas, 1911 (ocellata Tate, 1931, yungasensis Tate, 1931). Bolivia

noctivagus Tschudi, 1845 (leucastra Thomas, 1927, stollei Mirando-Ribeiro, 1936). Amazonia.

fuscatus Thomas, 1896 (carri Allen et Chapman, 1897). Mountain forests of the far north South. America.

incanus Lund, 1840 (scapulatus Burmeister, 1856). East South America.

invictus Goldman, 1912. Center. America

parvidens Tate, 1931. Tropical rainforests in the Amazon region.

pincheiroi Pine, 1981. Northeast Sout. America.

handleyi Pine, 1981. Colombia.

impavidus Tschudi, 1844 (caucae Thomas, 1900, ? neblina Gardner, 1990). Mountain wet forests Center. America, the western macro slope of the Andes in the northwest and west of the South. America.

Tribe Didelphini s.str.

Genus Common possums - D> Linnaeus, 1758

3-4 species. Forests and shrub savannas, partly anthropogenic landscapes (including cities) South. America (except the southern part), Center. America, south and center of North. America.

albiventris Lund, 1840 (? Imperfecta Mondolfi, 1984,? pernigra Allen, 1900). Low mountains of the western and northern regions of the South. America.

marsupialis Linnaeus, 1758. Center. America, Central and Northern South. America.

? aurita Wied-Neuwied, 1826. Brazilian Plateau.

virginiana Kerr, 1792. C is the North American part of the range of the genus.

Four-eyed Opossums - Philander Tiedemann, 1808

On Metachirops. 2 types. Wet Forest Center. America, north and center south. America.

opossum Linnaeus, 1758 (? Mcilhennyi Gardner et Patton, 1972). Distribution - as indicated for the genus (except in the extreme south).

andersoni Osgood, 1913. Western Amazonia.

frenata Olfers, 1818. South of the Brazilian Plateau.

Genus Opossums Thick-Tailed - Lutreolina Thomas, 1910

1 view. Floodplain savannahs and gallery forests of the central part of the South. America.

crassicaudata Desmarest, 1804. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Rod Opossums water - Chironectes Illiger, 1811

1 view. Tropical and subtropical riverine humidified forests Center. America, Northern South. America.

minimus Zimmermann, 1780. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Subfamily Caluromyinae Kirsch, 1977

Sometimes it stands out in an independent family. Perhaps includes Glironiinae. 2 genera.

Rod Opossums Thick Coated - Caluromys Allen, 1900

3 types. Rainforest Center. America, north and center south. America.

derbianus Waterhouse, 1841. Center. America, Northwest South. America.

lanatus Olfers, 1818 (lanigera Desmarest, 1820). Tropical and subtropical forests South. America.

philander Linnaeus, 1758. Tropical South. America.

Rod Opossums striped - Caluromysiops Sanborn, 1951

1 view. Rainforests of the Northwest South. America.

irrupta Sanborn, 1951. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Subfamily Glironiinae Hershkovitz, 1992

Perhaps a member of Caluromyinae in the rank of tribe. 1 genus

Genus Opossums fluffy - Glironia Thomas, 1912

1 view. Rainforests of the West South. America.

venusta Thomas, 1912. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Probably a monophyletic taxon. In gradistic systems, Mi - crobiotheria and Dasyuromorphia are usually excluded from here, and they are brought closer to Didelphimorphia. 4–5 detachments, of which 1 is neotropic (“living fossil”), the rest are Australian.

Microbiotherium squad - Microbiotheria

Relationships are not entirely clear: in classical systems it usually approaches Didel phimorphia, in the newest it is considered a sister group for other Australidel phia or refers to the basal radiation of all Metatheria. 1 family. From late Cretaceous South. America, in the middle. paleogene - also Antarctica.

Family Dormant possums - Microbiotheriidae Ameghino, 1887

Previously considered as part of Didelphidae. 1 modern and at least 5 fossil genera. Distribution - as indicated for the unit.

Rod Opossums sonoid - Dromiciops Thomas, 1894

= Opossums Chiloe, Bell. 1 view. Moist mountain forests with dense undergrowth in the southwest of the South. America (including some coastal islands).

gliroides Thomas, 1894 (australis Philippi, 1893). Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Predatory marsupial squad - Dasyuromorphia

Probably a monophyletic taxon, cladistically associated with other Australian endemics, and not with South American families (with them they are sometimes united in the Marsupicarnivora group). 3 families (1 died out in historical time). From early Neogene. Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea and some adjacent islands (incl. Aru).

Marsupial Wolves - † Thylacinidae Bonaparte, 1838

3 genera, including 1 modern. From early Neogene. Tasmania, Australia (extinct in historical time).

Genus Marsupial Wolves - † Thylacinus Temminck, 1824

1 view. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

† cynocephalus Harris, 1808. Distribution - as directed for the family.

Marsupial Anteater Family - Myrmecobiidae Waterhouse, 1841

= Numbats. Perhaps the subfamily as part of Dasyuridae. 1 genus From avg. Neogene. Plain and mountain xerophytic forests and shrub savannas of the South. and Southwest. Australia

Genus Marsupial Anteaters - Myrmecobius Waterhouse, 1836

1 view. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

fasciatus Waterhouse, 1836. Distribution - as directed for the family.

Tribe Phascogalini Gill, 1872

Perhaps an independent subfamily.

Genus Marsupial rats New Guinean - Murexia Tate et Archbold, 1937

Probably refers to the basal radiation of Dasyurinae s. str., sometimes stands out in the subfamily. 5-6 species. Plain and mountain (up to 2500 m) forests of New Guinea, Normanby, Aru.

melanura Thomas, 1899. Mountain forests of New Guinea.

longicaudata Schlegel, 1866. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

naso Jentink, 1911 (? Habbema Tate et Archbold, 1937). Mountain forests of New Guinea.

wilhelmina Tate, 1947. Central part of New Guinea.

rothschildi Tate, 1938. Forest foothills of eastern New Guinea.

Genus Marsupial Rats - Phascogale Temminck, 1824

2 types. Forest areas of Australia.

tapoatafa Meyer, 1793. North., Southeast. and Southwest. Australia.

calura Gould, 1844. Sporadically in Australia.

Genus Marsupial mice - Antechinus Macleay, 1841

9–11 species. Forest areas of Australia, Tasmania.

godmani Thomas, 1923. Low-mountain tropical forests of the North-East. Australia

stuarti Macleay, 1841. East. Australia.

? adustus Thomas, 1923. North-East. Australia.

subtropicalis Van Dyck et Crowther, 2000. East. Australia

agilis Dickman et al., 1998. North. - West. Australia

flavipes Waterhouse, 1838. East. Australia.

leo Van Dyck, 1980. Mesophytic forests of the North. Australia

bellus Thomas, 1904. North. Australia

swainsoni Waterhouse, 1840. Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

minimus Geoffroy, 1803. South. Australia

? rosamondae Ride, 1964. West. Australia.

Tribe Dasyurini s.str.

Genus Marsupial Shrews - Phascolosorex Matschie, 1916

Close to Neophascogale , sometimes stands out with him in a separate tribe. 2 types. Foothill and mountain forests of New Guinea.

dorsalis Peters et Doria, 1876. Low and high mountain forests of New Guinea.

doriae Thomas, 1886. Foothills of the western part of New Guinea.

Genus Marsupial rats Lorentz - Neophascogale Stein, 1933

1 view. Mountain forests of central New Guinea.

lorentzi Jentink, 1911. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Marsupial mice spotted - Parantechinus Tate, 1947

2 types. Stony Deserts Southwest. and North. Australia

apicalis Gray, 1842. Southwest. Australia.

bilarni Johnson, 1954. North. Australia.

Western Australian marsupials - Dasykaluta Archer, 1982

1 view. West Australia.

rosamondae Ride, 1964. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Thick-tailed Marsupials - Pseudantechinus Tate, 1947

Up to 5 species (previously recognized 1). Rocky Desert Zap. and North. Australia

macdonnellensis Spencer, 1896 (? Mimulus Thomas, 1906). West and North. Australia.

bilarni Johnson, 1954. North. Australia.

woolleyae Kitchener et Caputi, 1988. West. Australia

ningbing Kitchener, 1988. West. Australia

roryi Cooper et al., 2000. West. Australia.

Genus Marsupial martens striped - Myoictis Gray, 1858

2 types. Rainforests of New Guinea, Aru Islands, sometimes common in human settlements.

melas Mueller, 1840. New Guinea.

wallacei Gray, 1858. Aru Island.

Genus Marsupial bipedal-tailed mice - Dasyuroides Spencer, 1896

1 view. Deserts of central Australia.

byrnei Spencer, 1896. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Marsupial comb-tailed mice - Dasycercus Peters, 1875

1 view. Sandy deserts of central Australia.

cristicauda Krefft, 1867. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Marsupial marten spotted - Dasyurus Geoffroy, 1796

6 types. Forest and open spaces of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea.

hallucatus Gould, 1842. North. Australia.

viverrinus Shaw, 1800. Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

geoffroii Gould, 1841. Southwest. Australia (in historical time - almost all of Australia except the central regions), the east of New Guinea.

spartacus Van Dyck, 1987. Southwest New Guinea.

albopunctatus Schlegel, 1880. Forests of New Guinea.

maculatus Kerr, 1792. East. Australia, Tasmania.

Genus Marsupial Devils - Sarcophilus Cuvier, 1837

1 view. Tasmania, in historical time, became extinct in Australia.

harrisi Boitard, 1841. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Tribe Sminthopsini s.str.

Rod Ningo - Ningaui Archer, 1975

3 types. Dry savannahs and semi-deserts of Australia.

timealeyi Archer, 1975. West. Australia.

yvonnae Kitchener et al., 1983. Zap. and South. Australia.

ridei Archer, 1975. Central Australia.

Narrow-footed marsupial mice - Sminthopsis Thomas, 1887

18–20 species divided into 7 groups. Open (usually arid) landscapes of Australia, New Guinea, nearby islands (incl. Aru).

Group of species " crassicaudata »

crassicaudata Gould, 1844. Desert Center. and South. Australia

Group of species " macroura »

bindi Van Dyck et al., 1994. Savannahs North-East. Australia

butleri Archer, 1979. North. Australia.

douglasi Archer, 1979. Savannahs North-East. Australia

macroura Gould, 1845. Australian open drylands.

virginiae Tarragon, 1847. North. Australia, south and southeast of New Guinea, Aru Island.

Group of species " granulipes »

granulipes Troughton, 1932. South - West. Australia.

Group of species " griseoventer »

aitkeni Kitchener et al., 1984. O. Kangaroo off the south coast of Australia.

griseoventer Kitchener et al., 1984 (? Boullangerensis Crowtheret al., 1999). Southwest Australia.

Group of species " longicaudata »

longicaudata Spencer, 1909. East. and Center. Australia.

Group of species " murina »

archeri Van Dyck, 1986. Savannahs on the South Coast of New Guinea.

dolichura Kitchener et al., 1984. Dry savannahs of the Southwest. and South. Australia

gilberti Kitchener et al., 1984. Dry savannahs of the Southwest. and South. Australia

leucopus Gray, 1842. Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

murina Waterhouse, 1838. Southeast. and North-East. Australia.

? fuliginosus Gould, 1852. Southwest. Australia.

Group of species " psammophila »

hirtipes Thomas, 1898. Desert and Semi-Desert Center. and West. Australia

ooldea Troughton, 1965. South. Australia

psammophila Spencer, 1895. Sandy Desert Center. and South. Australia

youngsoni McKenzie et Archer, 1982. North-West. Australia.

Genus Marsupial jerboas - Antechinomys Krefft, 1867

1 view. Open arid spaces of Australia.

laniger Gould, 1856. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Triba Planigalini Archer, 1982

Genus Marsupials flat-headed mice - Planigale Troughton, 1928

5-6 species. Forest areas, savannahs, semi-deserts of Australia and New Guinea.

Group of species " maculata »

maculata Gould, 1851 (? Sinualis Thomas, 1926). Forest areas and savannas of the North. and East. Australia

Group of species " ingrami »

ingrami Thomas, 1906. Savannah Sev. Australia

tenuirostris Troughton, 1928. Savannahs and shrubs in the interior of East. Australia

gilesi Aitken, 1972. The semi-desert of the interior of the East. Australia

novaeguineae Tate et Archbold, 1941. Foothill forests of the south and east of New Guinea.

Marsupial Moles Family - Notoryctidae Ogilby, 1892

1 genus Desert Center. and West. Australia

Genus Marsupial Moles - Notoryctes Stirling, 1891

2 types. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

typhlops Stirling, 1889. Rec. Australia.

caurinus Thomas, 1920. Center. Australia.

Probably a monophyletic taxon, includes 2 orders.

Bandicoot Squad - Peramelemorphia

= Peramelina.Sister group for Diprotodontia. The prenatal groups are not clear: 2–4 families of different composition stand out (previously united in 1). From early Neogene. Different types of forests and open spaces of Australia, New Guinea, Tasmania, adjacent islands (including the southeastern part of the Malay arch.).

Rabbit Bandicoot Family - Thylacomyidae Bensley, 1903

Sometimes combined with Peramelidae. 1 genus Deserts and semi-deserts of Australia.

Genus Rabbit Bandicoots - Macrotis Reid, 1837

On Thylacomys Owen, 1838.2 species. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

lagotis Reid, 1837. Distribution — as indicated for the family.

? † leucura Thomas, 1887. Central Australia (possibly extinct).

Subfamily Peramelinae s. str.

In one of the systems, it approaches Thylacomyidae. 2 genera.

Rod Bandicuts Short-Nosed - Isoodon Desmarest, 1817

This genus was previously called Thylacis. , which is unlawful from the point of view of the Code. 3-4 species. Shrubbery and grassy floodplains in Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea.

macrourus Gould, 1842. North. and East. Australia, south and southeast of New Guinea.

obesulus Shaw, 1797 (nauticus Thomas, 1922, peninsulae Thomas, 1922). South Australia, Tasmania.

auratus Ramsay, 1887 (? Barrowensis Thomas, 1901, arnhemensis Lyne et Mort, 1981). North and Center. Australia.

Clan Longicoot Bandicoots - Perameles Geoffroy, 1804

On Thylacis Illiger, 1811.4 species. Open spaces of Australia, Tasmania.

nasuta Geoffroy, 1804. East. Australia.

gunnii Gray, 1838. Savannah Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

bougainvillei Quoy et Gaimard, 1824 (fasciata Gray, 1841). West and South. Australia

eremiana Spencer, 1897. Sandy Desert Center. Australia

Subfamily Peroryctinae Groves et Flannery, 1990

Sometimes considered as a family, including also Echymiperi nae. 1 genus

New Guinean Bandicoots - Peroryctes Thomas, 1906

2 species (previously included some species of Microperoryctes ) Low-mountain (up to 2000 m) rainforests of New Guinea.

raffrayanus Milne-Edwards, 1878. New Guinea.

broadbenti Ramsay, 1879. East of New Guinea.

Subfamily Echymiperinae McKenna et Bell, 1998

Close to Peroryctinae, in some systems integrates with it. 2 genera.

Genus Mouse-shaped Bandicoots - Microperoryctes Stein, 1932

3 species (some previously included in Peroryctes ) Mountain forests of New Guinea.

longicauda Peters et Doria, 1876. New Guinea.

murina Stein, 1932. West of New Guinea.

papuensis Laurie, 1952. East of New Guinea.

Prickly Bandicoots - Echymipera Lesson, 1842

5 types. Forest Regions of New Guinea, North. Australia, arch. Bismarck, Aru Island, Kai.

clara Stein, 1932. Low-mountain forests of the north of New Guinea.

echinista Menzies, 1990. Foothills and mountains of central New Guinea.

kalubu Fischer, 1829. New Guinea and arch. Bismarck.

rufescens Peters et Doria, 1875. New Guinea, Aru Island, Kai, Sev. Australia (Cape York).

davidi Flannery, 1990. O. Kirivina off the southwest coast of New Guinea.

Rod Bandicoots Seram - Rhynchomeles Thomas, 1920

1 view. Primary rainforests on about. Ceram (Moluccas).

prattorum Thomas, 1920. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Wombat Family - Vombatidae Burnett, 1830

= Phascolomyidae Goldfuss, 1820. 2 modern and 4 fossil genera. From early Neogene. Forest and open spaces South. and East. Australia, Tasmania.

Rod Wombats Shorthair - Vombatus Geoffroy, 1803

1 view. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

ursinus Shaw, 1800 (hirsutus Perry, 1810). Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

Rod Wombats long-haired - Lasiorhinus Gray, 1863

2 types. East - South Australia.

latifrons Owen, 1845. South. Australia.

krefftii Owen, 1873 (barnardi Longman, 1939). East and southeast. Australia.

Koalov Family - Phascolarctidae Owen, 1839

In classical systems it is included in Phalangeridae. 4 fossils and 1 modern genera. From early Neogene. Eucalyptus forests in eastern Australia.

Koala Rod - Phascolarctos Blainville, 1816

= Marsupial bears. 1 view. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

cinereus Goldfuse, 1817. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

Possum Mountain Family - Burramyidae Broom, 1898

Previously considered as part of Phalangeridae. 2 genera. From late paleogene. Forest territories of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea.

Sort Possum genus - Cercartetus Gloger, 1841

On Cercaertus auct., Eudromicia Mjoberg, 1916.4 species. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

lepidus Thomas, 1888. Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

caudatus Milne-Edwards, 1877 (macrura Mjoberg, 1916). Rainforests North-East Australia, the middle belt of the mountains of New Guinea.

concinnus Gould, 1845. Southwest. and South. Australia.

nanus Desmarest, 1818. Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

Rod Possum Mountain - Burramys Broom, 1896

1 view. Shrub savannas and mountain woodlands Southeast. Australia

parvus Broom, 1896. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

The Couscous Family - Phalangeridae Thomas, 1888

In classical systems, this includes all (or most) Pha langeriformes, as well as Phascolarcti dae, which are currently accepted in the volume of 4–6 genera, which are grouped into 2 subfamilies. From avg. paleogene. Different types of forests in Australia, New Guinea, Tasmania, Solomon Islands, arch. Bismarck, southeast Malay arch.

Subfamily Ailuropinae Flannery et al., 1987

Rod Couscous Bear - Ailurops Wagler, 1830

Apparently occupies the most isolated position in the family, previously included in Phalanger . 1 view. Plain and low-mountain (up to 1800 m) forests on the islands of Sulawesi, Talaud (south of the Philippines).

ursinus Temminck, 1824. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Subfamily Phalangerinae s. str.

In some systems it is divided into 2 tribes (the Tricho group occupies a separate position surus - Wylda ).

Genus Couscous ordinary - Phalanger Storr, 1780

In the most fractional systems with Spilocuscus stands out in a separate tribe. Composition and boundaries are not clear: previously included Ailurops Spilocuscus , Strigocuscus . 10-12 species. The distribution is almost the same as indicated for the family.

orientalis Pallas, 1766. North of New Guinea, Timor Islands, Seram (Moluccas), Solomon Islands, arch. Bismarck, North-East Australia (Cape York).

intercastellanus Thomas, 1895 (mimicus Thomas, 1922). Mountain and foothill forests of southeast New Guinea, arch. Louisiade.

vestitus Milne-Edwards, 1877 (interpositus Stein, 1933, permixtio Menzies et Pernetta, 1986). Forests of the middle belt of the mountains of central and western parts of New Guinea.

carmelitae Thomas, 1898. Mountain forests of the center and east of New Guinea.

gymnotis Peters et Doria, 1875. New Guinea, Aru Island, Timor and the small islands between them.

sericeus Thomas, 1907. Mountain forests of the Middle Range of New Guinea.

lullulae Thomas, 1896. O. Woodlark off the east coast of New Guinea.

matanim Flannery, 1987. Highlands of Central New Guinea.

alexandrae Flannery et Boeadi, 1995. West of New Guinea.

ornatus Gray, 1860 (? Matabiru Flannery et Boeadi, 1995). North part of the Moluccas.

rothschildi Thomas, 1898. O. Big Ob (Moluccas).

Genus Couscous Spotted - Spilocuscus Gray, 1862

Closest to Phalanger previously considered in its composition. 4 types. Low mountain forests of New Guinea, Northwest Australia (Cape York), the southern sector of the Moluccas.

maculatus Desmarest, 1818 (? Kraemeri Schwarz, 1910). Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

papuensis Desmarest, 1822. O. Waigeo off the west coast of New Guinea.

rufoniger Zimara, 1937. Low-mountain primary forests of the north-west of New Guinea.

Sulawesian Couscous - Strigocuscus Gray, 1862

Previously considered as part of Phalanger , cladistically, perhaps closer to Trichosurus . 2 types. Sulawesi, Peleng, Sulu, some islands between them.

celebensis Gray, 1858. O. Sulawesi and the small islands adjacent to the east (up to the Ob).

pelengensis Tate, 1945. Peleng Island, Sulu (east of Sulawesi).

Couscous-couscous genus - Trichosurus Lesson, 1828

3-4 species. Forest areas of Australia, Tasmania, are acclimatized in New Zealand.

vulpecula Kerr, 1792 (? Johnstoni Ramsay, 1888). Distribution - as indicated for the genus (except North Australia).

arnhemensis Collett, 1897. North. Australia.

caninus Ogilby, 1836. Southeast. Australia.

Genus Couscous Lepidoptera - Wyulda Alexander, 1918

Closest to Trichosurus . 1 view. Mountain forests of the Northwest Australia

squamicaudata Alexander, 1918. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Superfamily Petauroidea s.lato

Monophyletic taxon. Previously, all representatives were included in the Phalangeridae family. In the most fractional cladistic classifications, up to 3 families are recognized.

Marsupial Flying Flying Family - Petauridae Bonaparte, 1838

2 subfamilies, up to 15 genera, of which 7–10 are modern. From early Neogene. Forest areas of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, the Moluccas, a number of adjacent islands.

Squirrel Couscous genus - Gymnobelideus McCoy, 1867

Refers to the basal radiation of the family, is close to Pseudocheirini or to Dactylopsila sometimes with petaurus . 1 view. Eucalyptus forests of South-West. Australia

leadbeateri McCoy, 1867. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Triba Hemibelideini Kirsch et al., 1997

Lemus couscous genus - Hemibelideus Collett, 1884

Previously considered as part of Pseudocheirus. . 1 view. Forests of the Northwest Av Australia.

lemuroides Collett, 1884. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Giant Couscous genus - Petauro> Thomas, 1888

On Schoinobates Lesson, 1842.1 view. Forest territories of Vost. Australia

volans Kerr, 1792. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Tribe Pseudocheirini s. str.

Australian Ringed Couscous - Pseudocheirus Ogilby, 1837

1 species (4–5 were previously isolated). Sclerophytic forests and shrub savannas Vost. and Southwest. Australia, Tasmania.

peregrinus Boddaert, 1785 (convoluter Schinz, 1821, occ> rub> victoriae Matschie, 1915). Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Couscous genus New-Guinea ring-tailed - Pseudochirulus Matschie, 1915

Previously included in Pseudocheirus . 7-8 species. Mountain and foothill forests and savannah red-wheels of New Guinea, Australia.

canescens Waterhouse, 1846. Middle belt of the mountains of New Guinea.

mayeri Rothschild et Dollman, 1932. Mountain forests of the Middle Range of New Guinea.

caroli Thomas, 1921. Middle belt of mountains in western New Guinea.

herbertensis Collett, 1884 (? Cinereus Tate, 1945). Rainforests North-East Australia

schlegeli Jentink, 1884. West of New Guinea.

forbesi Thomas, 1887 (? larvatus Forster et Rothschild, 1911). Center and east of New Guinea.

Cliff Couscous - Petropseudes Thomas, 1923

Previously considered as part of Pseudocheirus. . 1 view. Rocky sections in the lowland and foothill forests of the North. Australia

dahli Collett, 1895. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Tribe Pseudochiropsini Kirsch et al., 1997

Brilliant Couscous - Pseudochirops Matschie, 1915

Previously included in Pseudocheirus . 4–5 species. Mountain forests of New Guinea, North. Australia

cupreus Thomas, 1897. Alpine forests of the Middle Range of New Guinea.

albertisii Peters, 1874. Mountain forests in the north and west of New Guinea.

? coronatus Thomas, 1897. Foothill forests of western New Guinea.

corinnae Thomas, 1897. Mountain forests of the Middle Range of New Guinea.

archeri Collett, 1884. Tropical forests of the North-East. Australia

Tribe Dactylopsilini Kirsch, 1977

May also include Gymnobelideus .

Genus Striped Couscous - Dactylopsila Gray, 1858

2 subgenus, 4 species. Tropical mountain forests of New Guinea and nearby islands (incl. Aru), North-East. Australia

Subgenus Dactylopsila s. str.

trivirgata Gray, 1858. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

tatei Laurie, 1952. O. Ferguson off the west coast of New Guinea.

megalura Rothschild et Dollman, 1932. Highlands of central New Guinea.

Subgenus Dactylonax Thomas, 1910

palpator Milne-Edwards, 1888. Lower belt of the mountains of the Middle Ridge in New Guinea.

Triba Petaurini s.str.

Rod Marsupial Flying - Petaurus Shaw, 1791

5-6 species. Mountain and foothill forests of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, Moluccas, arch. Aru, a number of adjacent islands.

breviceps Waterhouse, 1839. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

? biacensis Ulmer, 1940. O. Biak off the southeast coast of New Guinea.

abidi Ziegler, 1981. Foothills of Northern New Guinea.

norfolcensis Kerr, 1792. East. Australia.

? gracilis De Vis, 1883. North-East. Australia.

australis Shaw, 1791. Eucalyptus forests East. and southeast. Australia

Dwarf Marsupial Flying family - Acrobatidae Aplin, 1987

Previously considered as part of Phalangeridae. 2 genera. From late Neogene. Forest territories of Vost. Australia, New Guinea.

Genus Couscous feather-tailed - Distoechurus Peters, 1874

1 view. Forests (also common in gardens) of New Guinea.

pennatus Peters, 1874. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Dwarf Marsupial Flying - Acrobates Desmarest, 1818

1 view. Eucalyptus forests East. Australia

pygmaeus Shaw, 1793. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Musk Kangaroo Family - Hypsiprymnodontidae Collett, 1877

Often considered as part of Macropodidae. The sister group for the rest is Macro podi - formes, and on this basis is considered a family. 1 genus From avg. Neogene. Rain tropical forests and tall grassy floodplains of the North-West. Australia

Musk Kangaroo Rod - Hypsiprymnodon Ramsay, 1876

1 view. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

moschatus Ramsay, 1876. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

Kangaroo Family - Macropodidae Gray, 1821

2 modern subfamilies (in the most fractional systems are considered as families), 14–15 genera (another 2 subfamilies and more than 20 genera are in a fossil state). From late paleogene. Plain and mountain forests, shrub savannas, semi-deserts of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, adjacent islands, arch. Bismarck and Aru.

Subfamily Potoroinae Gray, 1821

Sometimes considered a family including Hypsiprymnodon. 4 genera.

Rod Potoru - Potorous Desmarest, 1804

On Potoroops Matschie, 1916. 3-4 species (1 extinction in historical time). Shrub savannas and light forests South. Australia, Tasmania.

tridactylus Kerr, 1792 (apicalis Gould, 1851,? gilberti Gould, 1841). South and southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

longipes Seebeck et Johnston, 1980. Eucalyptus light forests Southeast. Australia

† platyops Gould, 1844. Southwest. Australia.

Short Kangaroo Rhode - Bettongia Gray, 1837

3 types. Open spaces of Australia, Tasmania.

penicillata Gray, 1837 (tropica Wakefield, 1967). South (in historical time also North-East.) Australia.

gaimardi Desmarest, 1822 (cuniculus Ogilby, 1838). Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

lesueur Quoy et Gaimard, 1824. West, Center. and South. Australia.

Rat Kangaroo Rat - Aepyprymnus Garrod, 1875

1 view. Woodlands Zap. Australia

rufescens Gray, 1837. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Kangaroo clan gologrudi - Caloprymnus Thomas, 1888

1 view. Desert Center. Australia

campestris Gould, 1843. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Tribe Macropodini s.str.

Kangaroo claw-tailed genus - Onychogalea Gray, 1841

3 types. Mountain park forests of Australia.

unguifera Gould, 1841. North. Australia.

lunata Gould, 1841. Center. and Southwest. Australia.

fraenata Gould, 1841. East. and southeast. Australia.

Kangaroo clan hare - Lagorchestes Gould, 1841

3-4 species. Grassy and shrubby savannas, light forests, semi-deserts of Australia.

conspicillatus Gould, 1842. Savannahs and woodlands of northern Australia.

hirsutus Gould, 1844. Semi-desert Center. and Southwest. Australia

? asomatus Finlayson, 1943. Semi-desert Center. Australia

leporides Gould, 1841. Southeast. Australia.

Kangaroo genus Short-tailed - Setonix Lesson, 1842

1 view. Open spaces Southwest. Australia

brachyurus Quoy et Gaimard, 1830. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Rod Filanders - Thylogale Gray, 1837

6–7 species (some became extinct in historical time). From rainforests to subalpics in Australia and the surrounding islands, Tasmania, New Guinea, arch. Bismarck and Aru.

† billardieri Desmarest, 1822. Forests Southeast. Australia, Tasmania and adjacent islands.

thetis Lesson, 1828. Tropical forests East. Australia

stigmatica Gould, 1860. Rainforests East. Australia, south of New Guinea.

bruni Schreber, 1778. Piedmont and mountain forests of the south-east of New Guinea, arch. Bismarck, Aru.

? browni Ramsay, 1887 (? Lanatus Thomas, 1922). Piedmont and mountain sparse forests of the north and northeast of New Guinea.

calabyi Flannery, 1992. Subalpics of eastern New Guinea.

† chrystenseni Hope, 1981. Subalpica of western New Guinea.

Rhode Wallaby Rocky - Petrogale Gray, 1837

On Peradorcas Thomas, 1904. Up to 15 species (previously combined in 6–7). Rocky sections of the lower and middle zones of the mountains of Australia, brought to the Hawaiian Islands.

Group of species " xanthopus »

xanthopus Gray, 1855. Inland South. Australia

persephone Maynes, 1982. North-East. Australia.

rothschildi Thomas, 1904. West. Australia.

Group of species " penicillata »

lateralis Gould, 1842 (? Purpureicollis Le Souef, 1924). Center. and Southwest. Australia

penicillata Gray, 1827 (? Herberti Thomas, 1926). East and southeast. Australia, brought to Hawaii.

godmani Thomas, 1923. North-East. Australia.

sharmani Eldredge et Close, 1992. East. Australia.

inornata Gould, 1842. North-East. Australia.

? assimilis Ramsay, 1877. The coast of the North-East. Australia, adjacent islands.

coensis Eldredge et Close, 1992. Locally in the North-East. Australia

mareeba Eldredge et Close, 1992. Rocky areas among mountain mesophytic forests of the North-East. Australia

Group of species " brachyotis »

brachyotis Gould, 1841. North. Australia.

burbidgei Kitchener et Sanson, 1978. North-West. Australia.

concinna Gould, 1842. North. Australia.

Wood Kangaroo genus - Dendrolagus Mueller, 1840

10-12 species. Forest Regions of New Guinea, North-East Australia

bennettianus De Vis, 1887. Tropical plain and mountain forests of the North-East. Australia

inustus Mueller, 1840. Northern foothill areas of New Guinea.

ursinus Temminck, 1836. Coastal areas of northwest New Guinea.

lumholtzi Collett, 1884. Coastal forest areas of the North-East. Australia

matschiei Forster et Rothschild, 1907. Northeastern Foothills of New Guinea.

? spadix Troughton et Le Souef, 1936. Southeast of New Guinea.

goodfellowi Thomas, 1908. North and East of New Guinea.

? pulcherrimus Flannery, 1993. Mountain rainforests of northern New Guinea.

mbaiso Flannery et al., 1995. Highlands of the West of New Guinea.

dorianus Ramsay, 1883 (? Stellarum Flannery et Seri, 1990). New Guinea .

scottae Flannery et Seri, 1990. Northern Foothills of New Guinea.

Kangaroo genus shrubby - Dorcopsis Schlegel et Muller, 1845

2 subgenera (sometimes considered as childbirth), 6 species. Piedmont and mountain forests of New Guinea and adjacent islands.

Subgenus Dorcopsulus Matschie, 1916

vanheurni Thomas, 1922. Mountain forests of the central regions and east of New Guinea.

macleayi Miklouho-Maclay, 1885. East of New Guinea.

Subgenus Dorcopsis s.str.

muelleri Lesson, 1827 (veterum auct.). West of New Guinea, a number of adjacent islands (incl. Aru).

atrata Van Deusen, 1957. O. Gudenough off the west coast of New Guinea.

luctuosa D ’Albertis, 1874. Foothills and coasts of south and east of New Guinea.

hageni Heller, 1897. Foothills and mountains of the north of New Guinea.

Gigantic Kangaroo genus - Macropus Shaw, 1790

On Protemnodon Gistel, 1848. 3 subgenus (sometimes regarded as genera), 12–15 species. Forests, shrubby and grassy savannahs of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea and adjacent islands, 1 species is acclimatized in England.

Subgenus Notamacropus Dawson et Flannery, 1985

eugenii Desmarest, 1817. South. and Southwest. Australia.

parma Waterhouse, 1846. Coastal areas East. Australia

agilis Gould, 1842. Coastal areas of the North. and North-East. Australia, south of New Guinea.

rufogriseus Desmarest, 1817. East. and southeast. Australia, Tasmania, acclimatized in England.

dorsalis Gray, 1837. East. Australia.

parryi Bennett, 1835. East. Australia.

irma Jourdan, 1837. Southwest. Australia

greyi Waterhouse, 1846. South Australia (possibly extinct).

Subgenus Macropus s.str.

giganteus Shaw, 1790. Eastern Australia.

fuliginosus Desmarest, 1817. Southern Australia.

Subgenus Osphranter Gould 1842

robustus Gould, 1841. Everywhere in Australia (excluding rainforests).

antilopinus Gould, 1842. North. Australia.

bernardus Rothschild, 1904. North. Australia

rufus Desmarest, 1822. Everywhere in Australia (except north and east).

Rod Wallaby - Wallabia Trouessart, 1905

Previously included in Macropus . 1 view. Forest regions Vost. Australia, adjacent islands.

bicolor Desmarest, 1804. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

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