Decorative mice are distinguished by fragile health, so animals need special care and proper nutrition. A cage with a small rodent should be located away from the cold and heating appliances. The sanitary standards for keeping the animal should also be observed. However, sometimes the mice still get sick, and it is extremely important to cure the pet in a timely manner so that the disease does not cause complications and does not end in death. If your mouse begins to cough, you must first determine the cause of this condition by contacting a specialist.
In the cold season, the number of colds among decorative pets is becoming more frequent. The main reason is hypothermia. Finding the animal’s cell in a draft or in dampness also increases the likelihood that the pet will become ill. With a cold, the temperature of the mice rises, the pulse quickens, breathing becomes more frequent, appetite disappears, the animal becomes lethargic, begins to sneeze and cough. To establish an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian, who should prescribe the correct treatment based on the results of the examination. Most often, colds caused by viruses are eliminated with antibiotics. However, it is necessary to start treatment after determining the diagnosis as soon as possible so that the acute respiratory infections do not turn into bronchitis or pneumonia.
Attacks of dry cough in the mouse may indicate bronchitis. As a rule, a cough is also accompanied by trembling, shortness of breath, rapid breathing, loss of activity, fever by 1.5-2 degrees. It is necessary to start treatment as quickly as possible, and then the animal will be able to recover in 2-3 weeks.
First of all, you need to place a cage with a sick animal in a warm and dry place. And the feeding regimen should be changed by adding a large amount of high-calorie and vitamin-rich food to the pet’s diet.
To cure the animal, you should do daily injections of 2.5% Baytril with a dosage of 2 ml per kilogram of body weight. However, such treatment is not suitable for pregnant and lactating females, as well as young animals. They need to give a drug from the sulfonamide group every day. It can be sulfazine or sulfadimezin. The dosage for the first dose is 0.1 g / kg. Subsequent doses of 0.025 g / kg (25 mg / kg) - it is necessary to give the patient an animal during every 4-6 hours. It is also recommended daily intake of a few drops of cough infusion and 5-10 granules of flower pollen containing trace elements useful for the animal’s health.
Pneumonia in mice can be either viral or bacterial in nature. Viral pneumonia is caused by the Sendai paramyxovirus. Symptoms of the disease are ruffled hair, lethargy, shortness of breath, weight loss, refusal to eat, rapid breathing, discharge from the eyes and nose, cough. The disease is extremely dangerous for young animals under the age of 12 days. The acute form of pneumonia lasts no more than 4 days, and a fatal outcome is not uncommon. The chronic form can last about 2 weeks.
The main treatment should be with antibiotics or sulfa drugs (sulfazine, sulfadimezin), determined by a qualified veterinarian.
You can protect the animal from bacterial infection with tetracycline, administered intramuscularly at a dose of 5 mg per kilogram of weight or orally up to 5 mg per 1 ml of water. Since the virus extremely reduces immunity, you should additionally give Neoferon tablets with water to the diseased mouse.
In most cases, wheezing on exhalation is accompanied by a cough and a sensation of a foreign body inside. In general, the clinical picture will differ depending on the underlying factor.
With violations of the thyroid gland, this symptom can be supplemented by the following manifestations:
- labored breathing,
- sore throat when swallowing even fluids,
- foreign body sensation inside,
- possible disturbances in the digestive tract,
- exacerbation of chronic diseases.
If the cause of wheezing in a child or adult is chronic bronchitis and diseases with a typical etiology, then the following clinical picture may be manifested:
It should be noted that in this pathological process, coughing in a child or an adult can intensify in a lying position, so seizures become more intense at night.
Wheezing is one of the symptoms of pneumonia, which is characterized by the following symptoms:
- high body temperature, in some cases up to 41 degrees Celsius, which is extremely dangerous for life,
- increased sweating
- pain in the chest, with localization on the right or left side, which increases with a strong inhalation or exhalation,
- dry cough is replaced by wet, with the release of viscous sputum.
Inflammation of the lungs is an extremely dangerous disease for newborns, so if you have such symptoms, you should urgently seek medical help.
The cause of wheezing can be pulmonary edema, which is characterized by the following manifestations:
- severe shortness of breath,
- growing weakness
- rapid pulse,
- profuse sweating,
- high blood pressure
- the cough becomes stronger when lying down,
- wheezing is gradually replaced by bubbling, wheezing,
- pink frothy cough,
- attacks of suffocation, against which there may be anxiety, attacks of panic fear,
- swelling of veins in the neck
- the limbs become cyanotic, a feeling of cold appears due to a violation of blood circulation,
- loss of consciousness.
With these signs, you should call an ambulance team, as this condition is extremely life-threatening. If treatment is not started on time, a fatal outcome is likely.
If the cause of wheezing is an allergic reaction, then the following symptoms may occur:
A similar clinical picture may be present in acute respiratory illness, so self-medication is unacceptable, you need to seek help from a doctor.
To establish the leading pathological process, the following examination methods can be prescribed:
- chest x-ray,
- IFA diagnostics
- PCR analysis of sputum,
- general analysis of blood and urine,
Based on the results of the examination, the doctor can establish the root cause factor and determine how to most effectively treat the disease.
The treatment is to eliminate the underlying factor. In most cases, conservative methods of therapy are used, which may include taking the following drugs:
- sputum thinners,
If this symptom is observed in an infant or young child, then artificial oxygen supply is possible.
Self-treatment is excluded. As for the treatment of folk remedies, they can be used only by agreement with the doctor and as an addition to the main course of therapy.
There are no targeted preventive methods, since this is not a separate disease, but a nonspecific symptom of a certain ailment.